Journal Article

Amniocytes can serve a dual function as a source of iPS cells and feeder layers

Raymond M. Anchan, Philipp Quaas, Behzad Gerami-Naini, Hrishikesh Bartake, Adam Griffin, Yilan Zhou, Daniel Day, Jennifer L. Eaton, Liji L. George, Catherine Naber, Annick Turbe-Doan, Peter J. Park, Mark D. Hornstein and Richard L. Maas

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 20, issue 5, pages 962-974
Published in print March 2011 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online December 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddq542

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Clinical barriers to stem-cell therapy include the need for efficient derivation of histocompatible stem cells and the zoonotic risk inherent to human stem-cell xenoculture on mouse feeder cells. We describe a system for efficiently deriving induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from human and mouse amniocytes, and for maintaining the pluripotency of these iPS cells on mitotically inactivated feeder layers prepared from the same amniocytes. Both cellular components of this system are thus autologous to a single donor. Moreover, the use of human feeder cells reduces the risk of zoonosis. Generation of iPS cells using retroviral vectors from short- or long-term cultured human and mouse amniocytes using four factors, or two factors in mouse, occurs in 5–7 days with 0.5% efficiency. This efficiency is greater than that reported for mouse and human fibroblasts using similar viral infection approaches, and does not appear to result from selective reprogramming of Oct4+ or c-Kit+ amniocyte subpopulations. Derivation of amniocyte-derived iPS (AdiPS) cell colonies, which express pluripotency markers and exhibit appropriate microarray expression and DNA methylation properties, was facilitated by live immunostaining. AdiPS cells also generate embryoid bodies in vitro and teratomas in vivo. Furthermore, mouse and human amniocytes can serve as feeder layers for iPS cells and for mouse and human embryonic stem (ES) cells. Thus, human amniocytes provide an efficient source of autologous iPS cells and, as feeder cells, can also maintain iPS and ES cell pluripotency without the safety concerns associated with xenoculture.

Journal Article.  8642 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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