Journal Article

The gender of representation: On democracy, equality, and parity

Blanca Rodríguez Ruiz and Ruth Rubio-Marín

in International Journal of Constitutional Law

Published on behalf of The New York University School of Law

Volume 6, issue 2, pages 287-316
Published in print April 2008 | ISSN: 1474-2640
Published online April 2008 | e-ISSN: 1474-2659 | DOI:
The gender of representation: On democracy, equality, and parity

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  • Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • UK Politics


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The debate regarding the statutory introduction of gender parity in electoral lists has been led, on the one hand, by those who envisage parity as a way to attain substantive equality between the genders. The opposition has been led by those who, on the other hand, reject it as going against the very principle of equality in its formal dimension, as well as against the autonomy of political parties. Based on the experience of France and Italy on this matter, this article discusses both sets of arguments and applies them to the Spanish context. It further defends the need to bypass the theoretical parameters of equality and affirmative action in order to place the defense of electoral parity within the theoretical parameters of the postliberal democratic state. It aims, therefore, at articulating electoral parity as a conceptual requisite of the democratic state.

Journal Article.  15157 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law ; UK Politics

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