Catharine A. MacKinnon is a lawyer, teacher, writer, and activist for sex equality. She is Elizabeth A. Long Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, The James Barr Ames long-term visitor at Harvard Law School, and Special Gender Adviser to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.
She has taught at twelve law schools including Yale, Stanford, Chicago, Osgoode Hall, Basel, Columbia, and Hebrew University, and been a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study (Berlin) and the Center for Advanced Study (Stanford).
Widely published in many languages, Professor MacKinnon’s books include Sex Equality (2001/2007), Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (1989), Only Words (1993), Women’s Lives, Men’s Laws (2005) and Are Women Human? (2006). Empirical studies document her place among the most widely-cited legal scholars in the English language.
She pioneered the legal claim for sexual harassment as sex discrimination and, with Andrea Dworkin, conceived ordinances recognizing pornography as a civil rights violation and the Swedish model for prostitution. The Supreme Court of Canada has largely accepted her approach to equality, hate speech, and pornography. Representing Bosnian women survivors of Serbian genocidal sexual atrocities, she established legal recognition of rape as an act of genocide, winning with co-counsel a $745 million verdict. She first argued that rape is torture and has participated in defining rape internationally. Her theory of gender crime is widely embraced internationally.
Professor MacKinnon works with Equality Now, an international NGO promoting sex equality worldwide, and the Coalition against Trafficking in Women (CATW).
Journal Article. 2302 words.
Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law ; UK Politics
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