Journal Article

Technological innovations in heat pump systems

Renato M. Lazzarin

in International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies

Volume 2, issue 3, pages 262-288
Published in print July 2007 | ISSN: 1748-1317
Published online July 2007 | e-ISSN: 1748-1325 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/2.3.262
Technological innovations in heat pump systems

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It is estimated that about 140 million heat pumps are working in the world. This evidences that the equipment conceived by Lord Kelvin back in 1852 has finally penetrated into the market. In the last 20 years the heat pump has improved both regarding the thermal exchange surfaces, the compressor, and the control and defrosting systems. Thus not only was the COP strongly improved but also seasonal performances. Further equipment improvements are aimed to better exploit the properties of new refrigerants, utilising even the pressure drop between condenser and evaporator, usually dissipated by throttling. Gas driven heat pumps were also improved with higher effi ciency i.c. motors and much longer maintenance intervals. Absorption heat pumps are now available in many different models suitable to different applications. Probably most improvements took place with lower heating temperatures and the use of cold sources more suitable than the outside air, above all surface and underground water, the ground and the recovery in mechanical ventilation systems.

Keywords: heat pump; innovation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Energy Technology ; Environmental Sustainability

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