Journal Article

Mental health services development in Latin America and the Caribbean: achievements, barriers and facilitating factors

J. M. Caldas de Almeida

in International Health

Published on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Volume 5, issue 1, pages 15-18
Published in print March 2013 | ISSN: 1876-3413
Published online March 2013 | e-ISSN: 1876-3405 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihs013
Mental health services development in Latin America and the Caribbean: achievements, barriers and facilitating factors

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Mental health services reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean in the last 20 years have led to a significant improvement of mental health services. They also contributed to the development of new evidence that may help the implementation of future reforms. These advances, however, were clearly insufficient to respond to the huge challenges countries of Latin American and the Caribbean face to improve mental health services. Insufficient funding, one of the most important barriers to mental health services development found in most countries, was related to the absence of a strong consensus among all stakeholders and the weakness of user and family associations. Other barriers were the lack of technical capacity of the coordination unit responsible for development of services in the ministries of health, resistance from professionals towards changing to new models of care and lack of human resources.

Transition to democracy in some countries and natural disasters proved to be windows of opportunity for mental health services reform. Facilitating factors included alliance with the human rights defence movement, development of research capacity in Latin American and the Caribbean countries, and international cooperation.

Keywords: Mental health; Reform; Latin America; Barriers

Journal Article.  2603 words. 

Subjects: Community Medical Services

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