Journal Article

Critical role of AIM2 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

Hiroyuki Saiga, Shoko Kitada, Yosuke Shimada, Naganori Kamiyama, Megumi Okuyama, Masahiko Makino, Masahiro Yamamoto and Kiyoshi Takeda

in International Immunology Meeting Abstracts

Published on behalf of Japanese Society for Immunology

Volume 24, issue 10, pages 637-644
Published in print October 2012 |
Published online June 2012 | | DOI:

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Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) is a sensor of cytosolic DNA that is responsible for activation of the inflammasome and host immune responses to DNA viruses and intracellular bacteria. However, the role of AIM2 in host defenses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis is unknown. Here, we show that AIM2-deficient mice were highly susceptible to intratracheal infection with M. tuberculosis and that this was associated with defective IL-1± and IL-18 production together with impaired T h 1 responses. Macrophages from AIM2-deficient mice infected with M. tuberculosis showed severely impaired secretion of IL-1± and IL-18 as well as activation of the inflammasome, determined by caspase-1 cleavage. Genomic DNA extracted from M. tuberculosis (Mtb DNA) induced caspase-1 activation and IL-1±/IL-18 secretion in an AIM2-dependent manner. Mtb DNA, which was present in the cytosol, co-localized with AIM2. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that AIM2 plays an important role in M. tuberculosis infection through the recognition of Mtb DNA.

Keywords: host defense; inflammasome; macrophages

Journal Article.  5372 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Immunology ; Biochemical Immunology

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