Journal Article

Systemic lupus erythematosus: molecular cloning and analysis of recombinant DNase monoclonal κ light chain NGK-1

Irina A. Kostrikina, Elena S. Odintsova, Valentina N. Buneva and Georgy A. Nevinsky

in International Immunology

Volume 26, issue 8, pages 439-450
Published in print August 2014 | ISSN: 0953-8178
Published online May 2014 | e-ISSN: 1460-2377 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intimm/dxu047
Systemic lupus erythematosus: molecular cloning and analysis of recombinant DNase monoclonal κ light chain NGK-1

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Because DNase antibodies are cytotoxic, enter the nucleus and cause DNA fragmentation inducing cell death by apoptosis, they can play an important role in the pathogenesis of different autoimmune pathologies and especially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The interesting goal of catalytic antibodies research is not only to study a possible biological role of such antibodies, but also to develop in future new human and animal therapies that use the advantages offered by abzymes. An immunoglobulin κ light chain library from SLE patients was cloned into a phagemid vector. Phage particles displaying recombinant monoclonal antibody light chains (MLChs) capable of binding DNA were isolated by affinity chromatography on DNA-cellulose. Sixteen of the 46 MLChs efficiently hydrolyzed DNA; one MLCh (approximately 27–28kDa) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by metal chelating and gel filtration. MLCh NGK-1 was electrophoretically homogeneous and demonstrated a positive answer with mouse IgGs against light chains of human antibodies after western blotting. SDS-PAGE in a gel containing DNA demonstrated that the MLCh hydrolyzes DNA and is not contaminated by canonical DNases. The DNase MLCh was activated by several metal ions. The protein sequence of the DNase MLCh has homology with mammalian DNases I and shares with them several identical or similar (with the same side chain functionality) important amino acid residues, which are necessary for DNA hydrolysis and binding of Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions. The affinity of DNA for this first example of a MLCh (K M = 0.3 microM) was 150- to 200-fold higher than for human DNase I.

Keywords: DNase activity; homology with mammalian DNases I; recombinant monoclonal light chain; systemic lupus erythematosus

Journal Article.  9453 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Immunology ; Biological Sciences

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