Journal Article

Constructing Colonial Dharma: A Chronicle of Emergent Hinduism, 1830–1831

Brian K. Pennington

in Journal of the American Academy of Religion

Published on behalf of American Academy of Religion

Volume 69, issue 3, pages 577-604
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 0002-7189
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1477-4585 | DOI:
Constructing Colonial Dharma: A Chronicle of Emergent Hinduism, 1830–1831

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The Bengali newspaper Samācār Candrikā from 1830 to 1831 offers a glimpse at the emergence of the Modern, popular Hinduism now evident in Hindu nationalism in India. Preserving orthodox Hindu responses to the reforms advocated by the rational Hindu monotheism of the Brahmo Samaj and evangelical Christian missionaries, the newspaper stressed the unifying Character of Hindu ritual, the spiritual significance of caste, and the traditional gender relations symbolized by widow immolation even after its 1829 abolition. The paper's greatest contribution to historians' understanding of the construction of Hinduism as a coherent entity is its clear testimony to the essential role played by Hindus themselves in that process, often associated with Orientalists and missionaries.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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