Journal Article

Changes in indinavir exposure over time: a case study in six HIV-1-infected children

P. L. A. Fraaij, A. S. Bergshoeff, A. M. C. van Rossum, N. G. Hartwig, D. M. Burger and R. de Groot

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 52, issue 4, pages 727-730
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI:
Changes in indinavir exposure over time: a case study in six HIV-1-infected children

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Objective: To study changes in indinavir exposure over time in HIV-1-infected children.

Materials and methods: Protease inhibitor (PI)-naive HIV-1-infected children were treated with indinavir, zidovudine and lamivudine. Steady-state plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling was carried out as standard of care. The AUC0–8 was targeted between 15 and 30 mg×h/L. PK sampling was repeated after dosage adjustment until the AUC0–8 reached target values. Patients were included when the time interval between PK samplings was ≥2 years and differences in dosage/m2 < 10% between PK samplings 1 and 2. Corrections of dose for changes in body size were carried out.

Results: Six children were enrolled with a median age of 5.2 years (range 1.7–13.6 years). All had a viral load below 500 copies/mL. The geometric mean (GM) of the AUC0–8 decreased from 25.3 mg×h/L at the first PK-day to 19.1 mg×h/L at the second PK-day [geometric mean ratio (GMR): 0.76 (95% C.I.: 0.48–1.20)]. The GM of Cmax decreased from 11.8 to 10.4 mg/L [GMR: 0.88 (95% C.I.: 0.59–1.32)]. The GM of Cmin decreased from 0.08 to 0.07 mg/L [GMR: 0.86 (95% C.I.: 0.62–1.18)]. All children had an AUC0–8 above 15 mg×h/L on the first PK-day; three had an AUC0–8 below 15 mg×h/L on the second PK-day. In two of these three children, the plasma viral load was >500 copies/mL.

Conclusion: Changes in indinavir exposure were observed over time. In two patients, decreased indinavir exposure was associated with virological failure. Therapeutic drug monitoring should be carried out over time since this may prevent subtherapeutic dosing in children.

Keywords: Keywords: pharmacokinetic analysis, age, development, paediatric HIV/AIDS, pharmacokinetics, protease inhibitors, indinavir

Journal Article.  2623 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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