Journal Article

Antibiotic resistance of faecal <i>Escherichia coli</i> from healthy volunteers from eight developing countries

S. Nys, I. N. Okeke, S. Kariuki, G. J. Dinant, C. Driessen and E. E. Stobberingh

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 54, issue 5, pages 952-955
Published in print November 2004 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online November 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkh448
Antibiotic resistance of faecal Escherichia coli from healthy volunteers from eight developing countries

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  • Medical Oncology
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Objectives: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant faecal Escherichia coli from adult volunteers from urban (U) areas in Kenya, Mexico, Peru and the Philippines, and non-urban (NU) locations in Curaçao, Mexico, Venezuela, Ghana, Zimbabwe and the Philippines.

Methods: Faecal samples of adult volunteers (n=1290) were analysed in one laboratory for the presence of antimicrobial-resistant E. coli using Eosin Methylene Blue agar plates containing, respectively, ampicillin, oxytetracycline, cefazolin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol and trimethoprim at breakpoint concentrations.

Results: The mean age of the volunteers was ∼35 years; most of them were female. Ciprofloxacin resistance was in the range 1%–63%: the highest percentages were found in the urban populations of Asia and South America. In Peru and the Philippines (U and NU), the prevalence of gentamicin resistance was >20%. Cefazolin resistance was the highest in the urban Philippines (25%). Higher prevalences for ampicillin, oxytetracycline and trimethoprim were found for urban areas compared with non-urban ones of Asia, Africa and South America, respectively (P<0.05).

Conclusions: In the populations studied, antibiotic resistance in faecal E. coli from adult volunteers was emerging for cefazolin, gentamicin and ciprofloxacin and was high for the older drugs ampicillin, oxytetracycline, trimethoprim and chloramphenicol.

Keywords: prevalence of antibiotic resistance; emerging resistance; ciprofloxacin

Journal Article.  1839 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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