Journal Article

Safety and efficacy of glycopeptide antibiotics

R. G. Finch and G. M. Eliopoulos

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 55, issue suppl_2, pages ii5-ii13
Published in print March 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online March 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki004
Safety and efficacy of glycopeptide antibiotics

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It would be difficult to envision the practice of infectious diseases over the past 20 years without the availability of the glycopeptide antibiotics. The two agents currently in clinical use, vancomycin and teicoplanin, have proven remarkably versatile in many common applications. Several attributes of these agents account for this favourable profile: (i) their broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including strains resistant to many other antimicrobials; (ii) their favourable pharmacokinetic properties that allow the once- or twice-daily dosing regimens that have made out-of-hospital therapy possible; and (iii) their generally good safety profiles which, along with their structural dissimilarity to β-lactam and other antimicrobials, permits their use in many patients who are intolerant of other antibiotic regimens. It is not entirely surprising, therefore, that despite more than 40 years of clinical use and the interim appearance of bacterial strains resistant to this drug class, there remains continued interest in the development of newer members of the glycopeptide antibiotic class. This paper is intended to provide a global overview of the efficacy and safety of glycopeptide antibiotics currently in use, as background to understanding the need for and potential roles of new agents of this class.

Keywords: vancomycin; teicoplanin; oritavancin; dalbavancin; resistance

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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