Journal Article

<i>In vitro</i> activity of 2-cyclohexylidenhydrazo-4-phenyl-thiazole compared with those of amphotericin B and fluconazole against clinical isolates of <i>Candida</i> spp. and fluconazole-resistant <i>Candida albicans</i>

Alessandro De Logu, Manuela Saddi, Maria Cristina Cardia, Rita Borgna, Clara Sanna, Barbara Saddi and Elias Maccioni

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 55, issue 5, pages 692-698
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online May 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki084
In vitro activity of 2-cyclohexylidenhydrazo-4-phenyl-thiazole compared with those of amphotericin B and fluconazole against clinical isolates of Candida spp. and fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans

Show Summary Details

Preview

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro antifungal activity of an isothiosemicarbazone cyclic analogue against isolates of Candida spp. including fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans.

Methods: We investigated the activity of 2-cyclohexylidenhydrazo-4-phenyl-thiazole (EM-01D2) against 114 clinical isolates of Candida spp., representing five different species, by microdilution, according to the NCCLS method 27-A. The activity against C. albicans biofilms was also investigated. Toxicity in vitro was evaluated by MTT reduction assay.

Results: EM-01D2 demonstrated low toxicity, broad spectrum, fungicidal activity and was active against C. albicans and Candida krusei at concentrations lower than those shown by amphotericin B and fluconazole (P < 0.05). It maintained potent in vitro activity against fluconazole-resistant C. albicans isolates. Fungicidal activity occurred at concentrations 1–2 doubling dilutions greater than the corresponding MICs, and time–kill analysis indicated that a 99.9% loss of C. albicans viability occurred after 6 h of incubation in the presence of EM-01D2 at concentrations equal to four times the MIC. EM-01D2 was also active in inhibiting the growth of C. albicans ATCC 10231 biofilms, even though such inhibition occurred at concentrations higher than the MICs determined under planktonic growth conditions. However, when C. albicans biofilms were pre-exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of EM-01D2, a reduction of MIC50 of amphotericin B was observed.

Conclusions: Based on these results, EM-01D2 could represent a template for the development of novel fungicidal agents.

Keywords: antifungal agents; biofilms; isothiosemicarbazone derivatives

Journal Article.  4156 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.