Journal Article

Antibacterial activity of linezolid and vancomycin in an <i>in vitro</i> pharmacodynamic model of Gram-positive catheter-related bacteraemia

Nathan P. Wiederhold, Elizabeth A. Coyle, Issam I. Raad, Randall A. Prince and Russell E. Lewis

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 55, issue 5, pages 792-795
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online May 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki106
Antibacterial activity of linezolid and vancomycin in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model of Gram-positive catheter-related bacteraemia

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the activity of linezolid and vancomycin in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model to assess potential differences in activity against biofilm-embedded organisms.

Methods: Single-lumen central venous catheters colonized with biofilm-embedded Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis or vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) were treated with simulated clinical dosing regimens of linezolid 600 mg every 12 h or vancomycin 1 g every 12 h in a one-compartment in vitro pharmacodynamic model. Quantitative cultures were sampled through the catheter and peripheral ports over 48 h to dynamically assess changes in the burden of catheter colonization and organism seeding, respectively. At 24 and 48 h catheters were removed, sonicated and cultured for adherent organisms.

Results: Both linezolid and vancomycin suppressed bacterial growth on the catheter and release of S. aureus and S. epidermidis into the model compared with controls (P < 0.05), while linezolid also suppressed counts compared with control and vancomycin versus VRE. Neither agent completely eradicated bacterial colonization of the catheters. MICs for the isolates recovered from the model did not increase over time with linezolid or vancomycin exposure.

Conclusions: Lack of activity against biofilm-embedded organisms appeared to be the primary reason for microbiological failure of both drugs in the model.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; Enterococcus; biofilms

Journal Article.  1948 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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