Journal Article

Comparative evaluation of tigecycline and vancomycin, with and without rifampicin, in the treatment of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> experimental osteomyelitis in a rabbit model

Li-Yan Yin, Luca Lazzarini, Fan Li, C. Melinda Stevens and Jason H. Calhoun

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 55, issue 6, pages 995-1002
Published in print June 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online April 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki109
Comparative evaluation of tigecycline and vancomycin, with and without rifampicin, in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus experimental osteomyelitis in a rabbit model

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Objectives: Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism isolated in osteomyelitis. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections are particularly difficult to treat. We evaluated the efficacy of tigecycline and vancomycin with and without rifampicin in a rabbit model of MRSA osteomyelitis.

Methods: A 28 day antibiotic therapy with a subcutaneous injection of tigecycline (14 mg/kg twice daily), with and without oral rifampicin (40 mg/kg twice daily); or subcutaneous administration of vancomycin (30 mg/kg twice daily), with and without oral rifampicin (40 mg/kg twice daily) were compared. Osteomyelitis was induced with an intramedullary injection of 106 colony-forming units of MRSA. Infected rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: tigecycline, tigecycline with oral rifampicin, vancomycin, vancomycin with oral rifampicin, and no treatment control and tigecycline bone penetration groups. Treatment began 2 weeks after infection. After 4 weeks of therapy, the rabbits were left untreated for 2 weeks. Rabbits were then euthanized, and the tibias were harvested. The bones were cultured, and bacterial counts of MRSA were performed.

Results: Rabbits that received tigecycline and oral rifampicin therapy (n=14) showed a 100% infection clearance. Rabbits treated with tigecycline (n=10) showed a 90% clearance. Rabbits treated with vancomycin and oral rifampicin (n=10) also showed a 90% clearance. Rabbits treated with vancomycin (n=11) showed an 81.8% clearance. Untreated controls (n=15) demonstrated only a 26% clearance. For the tigecycline bone penetration group, the bone concentrations of tigecycline in the infected tibia were significantly higher than the non-infected ones.

Conclusions: Tigecycline may be an effective alternative to vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA osteomyelitis.

Keywords: MRSA; antibiotics; infections

Journal Article.  4551 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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