Journal Article

Mutant prevention concentrations of ciprofloxacin for urinary tract infection isolates of <i>Escherichia coli</i>

Linda L. Marcusson, Sara K. Olofsson, Patricia Komp Lindgren, Otto Cars and Diarmaid Hughes

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 55, issue 6, pages 938-943
Published in print June 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online April 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki136
Mutant prevention concentrations of ciprofloxacin for urinary tract infection isolates of Escherichia coli

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Objectives: To measure the mutant prevention concentration (MPC) of ciprofloxacin for a set of urinary tract infection (UTI) Escherichia coli isolates with different levels of susceptibility and determine whether MPC can be predicted from MIC.

Methods: MPC was defined as the lowest ciprofloxacin concentration that prevented the growth of resistant colonies when 1010 bacteria were spread on solid medium and incubated for 96 h at 37°C. MIC was measured by Etest. Bacteria surviving (persisting) at MPC were isolated and quantified from agar plugs taken after 96 h. The genes hipA and hipB were amplified by PCR from persisters and sequenced.

Results: Isolates with MICs above the NCCLS breakpoint for ciprofloxacin resistance (4 mg/L) typically have MPCs greater than 32 mg/L. Isolates with MICs below the breakpoint for ciprofloxacin susceptibility (1 mg/L) have MPCs up to 5 mg/L. MPC/MIC is ∼16 for most susceptible isolates but there are several notable exceptions (MPC/MIC > 100). Resistant colonies arising one dilution step below MPC often had MIC > MPC. In every case tested, a proportion of cells survived (persisted), but did not grow into colonies, at MPC, without any increase in MIC.

Conclusions: MPCs were determined for all ciprofloxacin-susceptible isolates. MPC is not accurately predicted from MIC. Colonies selected below MPC frequently have MIC > MPC, suggesting multiple mutations. A small fraction of cells from all strains tested survived for 96 h at MPC, without any associated increase in MIC. These survivors/persisters are not hipAB mutants.

Keywords: MPC; UTI; E. coli; mutant selection window

Journal Article.  4124 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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