Journal Article

<i>In vitro</i> activity of tigecycline against <i>Bacteroides</i> species

C. Betriu, E. Culebras, M. Gómez, I. Rodríguez-Avial and J. J. Picazo

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 56, issue 2, pages 349-352
Published in print August 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online June 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI:
In vitro activity of tigecycline against Bacteroides species

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Objectives: To ascertain the current susceptibility patterns of members of the Bacteroides fragilis group in our hospital and to assess the in vitro activity of tigecycline against these organisms.

Methods: A total of 400 non-duplicate clinical isolates of the B. fragilis group collected from 2000 to 2002 were studied. Susceptibility testing was performed according to the reference agar dilution method described by the NCCLS. The following antimicrobials were tested: tigecycline, clindamycin, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, cefoxitin, imipenem, amoxicillin–clavulanate and piperacillin–tazobactam.

Results: All strains were susceptible to metronidazole and chloramphenicol. For clindamycin and cefoxitin, the overall susceptibility rates were 59.5% and 83%, respectively. Imipenem and piperacillin–tazobactam were the most active β-lactam agents tested. Tigecycline inhibited 89.8% of the strains at a concentration of 8 mg/L with an MIC range of ≤0.01 to >16 mg/L. By comparing the MIC50 and MIC90 values of tigecycline among the various species of the group, B. fragilis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron and Bacteroides vulgatus were the most susceptible (MIC50/MIC90s of 0.5–1/8 mg/L).

Conclusions: Tigecycline exhibited activity against most isolates of the B. fragilis group tested. These results indicate that tigecycline may be useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of infections involving these organisms.

Keywords: susceptibility; glycylcyclines; Bacteroides fragilis group

Journal Article.  1844 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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