Journal Article

Phenotypic detection of β-lactamase-mediated resistance to oxyimino-cephalosporins in Enterobacteriaceae: evaluation of the Mastascan Elite Expert System

T. G. Winstanley, H. K. Parsons, M. A. Horstkotte, I. Sobottka and E. Stürenburg

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 56, issue 2, pages 292-296
Published in print August 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online June 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki203
Phenotypic detection of β-lactamase-mediated resistance to oxyimino-cephalosporins in Enterobacteriaceae: evaluation of the Mastascan Elite Expert System

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  • Medical Oncology
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate phenotypic detection of β-lactamase-mediated resistance to oxyimino-cephalosporins in Enterobacteriaceae using the Mastascan Elite Expert System challenged with a battery of genotypically characterized organisms.

Methods: Isolates (n = 120) were identified to species level and antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined using agar incorporation methods and Mastascan Elite. Phenotypes were examined using an Expert System (ES) and putative genotypes were suggested using interpretative reading.

Results: Identification was correct in 119 of 120 isolates. The ES was able to identify the correct β-lactam phenotype (as deduced from molecular methods) in a single choice in 98 of 120 (81.7%) isolates. In an additional 15 (12.5%) cases, the ES identified the correct β-lactam phenotype within two or more choices. The detected phenotype was incorrect in seven (5.8%) isolates, but three of these were not inherent to the ES.

Conclusions: The Mastascan Elite ES is relatively inexpensive and flexible and can identify the mechanism of resistance to oxyimino-cephalosporins in the majority of Enterobacteriaceae without recourse to molecular methods.

Keywords: interpretative reading; expert system; AmpC; CTX-M; K1; ESBLs

Journal Article.  4011 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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