Journal Article

The maintenance in the oral cavity of children of tetracycline-resistant bacteria and the genes encoding such resistance

Holli Lancaster, Raman Bedi, Michael Wilson and Peter Mullany

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 56, issue 3, pages 524-531
Published in print September 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki259
The maintenance in the oral cavity of children of tetracycline-resistant bacteria and the genes encoding such resistance

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Objectives: To investigate the maintenance of tetracycline-resistant oral bacteria and the genes encoding tetracycline resistance in these bacteria in children (aged 4–6 years) over a period of 12 months.

Methods: Plaque and saliva samples were taken from 26 children. Tetracycline-resistant bacteria were isolated and identified. The types of resistance genes and their genetic locations were also determined.

Results: Fifteen out of 18 children harboured tetracycline-resistant (defined as having a MIC ≥ 8 mg/L) oral bacteria at all three time points. The median percentage of tetracycline-resistant bacteria at 0, 6 and 12 months was 1.37, 1.37 and 0.85%, respectively; these were not significantly different. The MIC50 of the group was 64 mg/L at all three time points compared with the MIC90, which was 64 mg/L at 0 months, and 128 mg/L at 6 and 12 months. The most prevalent resistant species were streptococci (68%), which were isolated at all three time points in 13 children. The most prevalent gene encoding tetracycline resistance was tet(M) and this was found in different species at all three time points. For the first time, tet(32) was found in Streptococcus parasanguinis and Eubacterium saburreum. PCR and Southern-blot analysis (on isolates from three of the children) showed that the tet(M) gene was located on a Tn916-like element and could be detected at all three time points, in four different genera, Streptococcus, Granulicatella, Veillonella and Neisseria.

Conclusions: The results of this study show that tetracycline-resistant bacteria and tet(M) are maintained within the indigenous oral microbiota of children, even though they are unlikely to have been directly exposed to tetracycline.

Keywords: Tn916; conjugative transposons; tet(M); tet(32)

Journal Article.  4466 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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