Journal Article

Activity of the new quinolones WCK 771, WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 against clinical isolates of <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> and <i>Streptococcus pyogenes</i>

Adnan Al-Lahham, Noel J. De Souza, Mahesh Patel and Ralf René Reinert

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 56, issue 6, pages 1130-1133
Published in print December 2005 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online October 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki361
Activity of the new quinolones WCK 771, WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 against clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes

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Objectives and methods: The new fluoroquinolones WCK 771, WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 were developed to overcome quinolone resistance in Gram-positive bacteria. The activity of these new quinolones was tested against 159 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and 52 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes using the microbroth dilution method.

Results: MIC50/MIC90 values (mg/L) of WCK 771, WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 for quinolone-susceptible S. pneumoniae (n = 119; 54 penicillin G-susceptible, 53 penicillin G-intermediate, and 12 penicillin G-resistant strains) were 0.25/0.5, 0.03/0.06 and 0.016/0.03, respectively. MIC50/MIC90 values (mg/L) for quinolone-resistant pneumococci (n = 40) increased to 4/16, 0.25/1 and 0.125/0.5, respectively. Against S. pyogenes, WCK 771, WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 were also highly active with MIC50/MIC90 values (mg/L) of 0.25/0.25, 0.03/0.06 and 0.03/0.03, respectively.

Conclusions: Overall, WCK 771 was highly active against quinolone-susceptible, but not against quinolone-resistant S. pneumoniae, whereas WCK 1152 and WCK 1153 were more potent and were able to overcome quinolone resistance in both S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes.

Keywords: fluoroquinolones; resistance; Germany; pneumococcus

Journal Article.  1905 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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