Journal Article

DNA sequence analysis of the genetic environment of various <i>bla</i><sub>CTX-M</sub> genes

C. Eckert, V. Gautier and G. Arlet

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 57, issue 1, pages 14-23
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online November 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI:
DNA sequence analysis of the genetic environment of various blaCTX-M genes

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  • Medical Oncology
  • Critical Care


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Objectives: Over a 3 year period (2000–2003) 21 Escherichia coli, 5 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 Serratia marcescens and 1 Proteus mirabilis producing CTX-M-type β-lactamase were collected from five different hospitals in Paris, France. This study was conducted to analyse the genetic environment of these 28 blaCTX-M genes.

Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by the disc diffusion method and MICs of various β-lactams were determined by an agar dilution method. PCR was used to detect and sequence alleles encoding CTX-M, TEM, SHV and CMY enzymes. The genetic environment was analysed by amplification and direct sequencing using various set of PCR primers or cloning in pBK-CMV.

Results: Sequence analysis revealed that these isolates contained seven different blaCTX-M genes: blaCTX-M-1 (4 strains), blaCTX-M-2 (2 strains), blaCTX-M-3 (4 strains), blaCTX-M-9 (1 strain), blaCTX-M-14 (5 strains), blaCTX-M-15 (11 strains), blaCTX-M-24 (1 strain). TEM-1 was associated with CTX-M-type enzymes in 15 isolates. Two strains produced both CTX-M-15 and SHV-2 or CTX-M-14 and CMY-2. In 25 strains the insertion sequence ISEcp1 was located upstream of the 5′ end of the blaCTX-M gene. Among these strains, in five isolates, ISEcp1 was disrupted by insertion sequences such as IS26 (in three of them) or IS1 or IS10. Insertion sequence IS903 was found downstream of blaCTX-M-14 or blaCTX-M-24. Examination of the other three blaCTX-M genes (two blaCTX-M-2 and one blaCTX-M-9) by cloning, sequencing and PCR analysis revealed the presence of complex Class 1 integrons, In35, an integron similar to In60 and a novel integron.

Conclusions: This work further confirmed the predominant role of ISEcp1 in the mobilization of blaCTX-M genes of the CTX-M-1 cluster and the presence of In35, of an integron similar to In60 and a novel complex Class 1 integron.

Keywords: ESBLs; CTX-M β-lactamases; insertion sequences; integrons

Journal Article.  4713 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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