Journal Article

Apparent absence of atovaquone/proguanil resistance in 477 <i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> isolates from untreated French travellers

Lise Musset, Bruno Pradines, Daniel Parzy, Rémy Durand, Patricia Bigot and Jacques Le Bras

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 57, issue 1, pages 110-115
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online November 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki420
Apparent absence of atovaquone/proguanil resistance in 477 Plasmodium falciparum isolates from untreated French travellers

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Objectives: We examined the atovaquone in vitro susceptibility and the cytochrome b (cytb) gene polymorphism of African Plasmodium falciparum isolates during the first years of atovaquone/proguanil use.

Patients and methods: Between 1999 and 2004, we collected blood samples from French P. falciparum-infected patients returning from African countries. Atovaquone susceptibility was determined using an in vitro isotopic test and cytb genotyping was performed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and sequencing. These results were analysed according to the clinical response to atovaquone/proguanil treatment.

Results: No in vitro atovaquone resistance (IC50 > 1900 nM) and no cytb mutation leading to the Y268S substitution were detected among 477 unexposed African P. falciparum isolates. Eight cytb polymorphisms were found outside the ubiquinone reduction site by sequencing the entire gene of 270 isolates. One atovaquone/proguanil treatment failure was documented; the post-treatment isolate had an atovaquone susceptibility of 8230 nM and the Ser268 Cytb change; the pre-treatment isolate, obtained 4 weeks previously, was Cytb Tyr268 (wild-type).

Conclusions: No atovaquone/proguanil resistance was detected by phenotyping or genotyping among 477 unexposed African P. falciparum isolates. Atovaquone/proguanil-resistant parasite was detectable only in the post-treatment isolate from a treatment failure.

Keywords: susceptibility; malaria; antimalarials; P. falciparum

Journal Article.  3887 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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