Journal Article

β-Lactam resistance and β-lactamase expression in clinical <i>Stenotrophomonas maltophilia</i> isolates having defined phylogenetic relationships

Virginia C. Gould, Aki Okazaki and Matthew B. Avison

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Published on behalf of British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Volume 57, issue 2, pages 199-203
Published in print February 2006 | ISSN: 0305-7453
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2091 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dki453
β-Lactam resistance and β-lactamase expression in clinical Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates having defined phylogenetic relationships

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Aims: To test the hypothesis that Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates from certain phylogenetic groups have predictable β-lactamase expression and β-lactam resistance profiles.

Methods: Isolates were grouped using sequences of the 16S rRNA gene and smeTsmeD intergenic region. β-Lactamase activities in cell extracts were quantified spectrophotometrically and β-lactam MICs were determined using agar dilution methodology and Etest as appropriate.

Results: A collection of 50 clinical S. maltophilia isolates from Europe and North, South and Central America were phylogenetically grouped. Group ‘A’ (22 out of 50) includes remarkably genetically homogeneous isolates; group ‘B’ (17 out of 50) includes isolates that are genetically heterogeneous and quite distinct from those of group A. Members of these two groups are, however, indistinguishable in terms of their β-lactam resistance and β-lactamase expression phenotypes. In contrast, isolates from group ‘C’, which are less common (8 out of 50), are considerably more susceptible to β-lactams owing to reduced inducibility of β-lactamase expression following β-lactam challenge.

Conclusions: The majority of S. maltophilia clinical isolates behave similarly in terms of β-lactamase expression and β-lactam resistance properties, despite considerable phylogenetic variability.

Keywords: expression of resistance; bacterial diversity; in vitro susceptibility

Journal Article.  2863 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Oncology ; Critical Care

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