Journal Article

Qat Expenditures in Yemen and Djibouti: An Empirical Analysis

Branko Milanovic

in Journal of African Economies

Volume 17, issue 5, pages 661-687
Published in print November 2008 | ISSN: 0963-8024
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1464-3723 | DOI:

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  • Household Behaviour and Family Economics
  • Economics of Health


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Using household surveys from Yemen and Djibouti, the paper analyses determinants of qat consumptions in two countries. The results confirm huge importance of qat in daily life: with between one-half (in Djibouti) and 70% (in Yemen) of all households reporting at least one user. But in Yemen, qat consumption is remarkably flat across income groups, age, and between rural and urban areas. Qat is a normal good and there is no indication that its use substitutes for food. In Djibouti, however, qat consumption increases with income, and appears to act as a substitute for food consumption. In both countries however there is a strong gender bias in the use: men are much more likely to use qat than women.

Keywords: D12; I12

Journal Article.  7030 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Household Behaviour and Family Economics ; Economics of Health