Journal Article

An Improved Analysis for Chlorinated Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Human and Bovine Sera Using Solid-Phase Extraction

John W. Brock, Virlyn W. Burse, David L. Ashley, Allah R. Najam, Vaughn E. Green, Margaret P. Korver, Mary K. Powell, Carolyn C. Hodge and Larry L. Needham

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 20, issue 7, pages 528-536
Published in print November 1996 | ISSN: 0146-4760
e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/20.7.528
An Improved Analysis for Chlorinated Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Human and Bovine Sera Using Solid-Phase Extraction

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Chlorinated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) remain public health concerns because of their unresolved health impact and their persistence in humans. Current epidemiological studies of cancer, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, and endocrine disruption in National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) laboratories require exposure assessment of many analytes in thousands of people. Previous methods of analyzing pesticides and PCBs in serum have proven inadequate for timely processing of the number of samples required for epidemiological studies. A new method that involves solid-phase extraction (SPE) and cleanup followed by dual-column gas chromatographic separation and electron capture detection has been developed. Nine surrogate compounds were added to the serum prior to sample workup to provide quality assurance for the SPE steps. These surrogates mimic the chemistry of the analytes in the extraction, cleanup, and gas chromatographic analysis steps. To increase selectivity, extracts were injected onto two gas chromatographs with different capillary columns, a DB-1701 and a DB-5. Recoveries of 17 pesticides, 28 PCB congeners, and one polybrominated biphenyl congener ranged from 40 to 80%. Recoveries from this procedure were found to be similar to those from the previously used liquid-liquid extraction method. Correlation of analyte and surrogate recoveries were compared to examine the ruggedness of the technique. The SPE method was found to provide improved sample throughput by a factor of 15.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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