Journal Article

A GC-MS Study of Three Major Acidic Metabolites of Δ<sup>1</sup>-Tetrahydrocannabinol*

Maria Szirmai, Olof Beck, Nikolaj Stephansson and Magnus M. Halldin

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 20, issue 7, pages 573-578
Published in print November 1996 | ISSN: 0146-4760
e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/20.7.573
A GC-MS Study of Three Major Acidic Metabolites of Δ1-Tetrahydrocannabinol*

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The major urinary metabolite of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ1-THC) (1), Δ1-THC-7-oic acid (2), has been extensively studied for several purposes, including testing in the workplace for drug abuse. Immunoassays in combination with more specific methods such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), are commonly used for verification of positive results in the screening. Two additional and recently synthesized acidic metabolites of 1, 4″,5″-bisnor-Δ1-THC-7,3″-dioic acid (3) and 4″-hydroxy-Δ1-THC-7-oic acid (4), were studied to widen the scientific basis in the analysis. Five different derivatives were examined using GC-MS. In addition, a new deuterated internal standard for 2, [2H10]-2, was evaluated. According to our results, suitable derivatives of 2, 3, and 4, according to chromatographic properties, are the methyl ester/silyl ether (procedure a), the methyl ester/trifluoroacetate (procedure b), or the silyl ester/silyl ether (procedure c). The estimated recoveries of [2H5]-3 and [2H6]-4 using liquid-liquid extraction were 24% and 50%, respectively. The properties of [2H10]-2 as internal standard were equivalent to those of [2H9]-2 and, under the conditions used, did not appear to give rise to a significantly higher chromatographic resolution from that of 2. However, [2H10]-2 produces ions at different mass numbers, which makes it useful as a complement to the existing deuterated internal standards of 2.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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