Journal Article

GC and GC-MS Determination of Fluoroacetic Acid and Phenoxy Acid Herbicides via Triphasal Extractive Pentafluorobenzylation Using a Polymer-Bound Phase-Transfer Catalyst

A. Miki, H. Tsuchihashi and M. Yamashita

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 22, issue 3, pages 237-245
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/22.3.237
GC and GC-MS Determination of Fluoroacetic Acid and Phenoxy Acid Herbicides via Triphasal Extractive Pentafluorobenzylation Using a Polymer-Bound Phase-Transfer Catalyst

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A simple and sensitive gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) procedure has been developed for fluoroacetic acid (FA) and phenoxy acid herbicides (PAHs) via triphasal extractive pentafluorobenzylation. The triphasal system consisted of an aqueous sample, the extraction solvent toluene containing pentafluorobenzyl bromide as the derivatization reagent, and polymer-bound tri-n-butyl-methylphosphonium bromide as a phase-transfer catalyst. FA spiked in beverages, such as orange juice and milk, was extracted as its pentafluorobenzyl (PFB) derivative under moderate conditions (i.e., at a pH value of 6.5 at 60°C). The detection limits were 0.10–0.20 µg/mL by GC with electron-capture detection (GC—ECD), and 0.42–0.50 µg/mL by full-scan GC-MS. PAHs were also detectable in the same manner within the detection limits of 0.05–0.10 µg/mL by GC—ECD and 0.13–0.25 µg/mL by full-scan GC-MS. Urine and serum which both contained 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid could also be analyzed by GC-MS after the triphasal pentafluorobenzylation. The detection limit was 0.20 µg/mL in the full-scan mode and 10 ng/mL in the selected ion monitoring mode both for the urine and serum.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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