Journal Article

Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC Metabolites in Meconium: Identification of 11-OH-Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC, 8β,11-diOH-Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC, and 11-nor-Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC-9-COOH as Major Metabolites of Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC

Mahmoud A. ElSohly and Shixia Feng

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 22, issue 4, pages 329-335
Published in print July 1998 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online July 1998 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI:
Δ9-THC Metabolites in Meconium: Identification of 11-OH-Δ9-THC, 8β,11-diOH-Δ9-THC, and 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-COOH as Major Metabolites of Δ9-THC

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Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of meconium specimens screening positive for cannabinoids by the EMIT 20 Assay showed a low confirmation rate for 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THCCOOH). A study was designed to investigate the possible contribution of other Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) metabolites, including glucuronides, to the overall response of the EIA. Δ9-THC-glucuronide was synthesized in order to develop the most efficient procedure for hydrolysis of glucuronides in meconium. Procedures were developed for the extraction and GC-MS analysis of Δ9-THC, 11-OH-Δ9-THC, 8α- and 8β-OH-Δ9-THC, 8β,11-diOH-Δ9-THC, and THCCOOH, after enzymatic hydrolysis of meconium extracts. It is concluded that enzymatic hydrolysis of meconium extracts is necessary for efficient recovery of Δ9-THC metabolites; Δ9-THC and its 8-OH metabolite(s) are basically absent in meconium specimens; and 11-OH-Δ9-THC and 8β,11-diOH-Δ9-THC contribute significantly to the immunoassay response of meconium extracts. Analysis of several meconium specimens that screened positive for cannabinoids but failed to confirm for THCCOOH showed significant amounts of 11-OH-Δ9-THC and 8β,11-diOH-Δ9-THC. Therefore, GC-MS confirmation of cannabinoids in meconium should include analysis for these two metabolites in addition to THCCOOH.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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