Journal Article

Semiautomated Preparation of 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-Pyridinol in Human Urine Using a Zymate XP Laboratory Robot with Quantitative Determination by Gas Chromatography-Negative-Ion Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry

J.R. Ormand, D.A. McNett and M.J. Bartels

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 23, issue 1, pages 35-40
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/23.1.35
Semiautomated Preparation of 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-Pyridinol in Human Urine Using a Zymate XP Laboratory Robot with Quantitative Determination by Gas Chromatography-Negative-Ion Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry

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A rapid and sensitive semiautomated method was developed for quantitation of the chlorpyrifos metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP) in human urine. A Zymark Zymate XP laboratory robotics system was used to mix urine samples, transfer aliquots, add the stable-isotope-labeled TCP internal standard (13C2- or 13C2,15N-), and liberate conjugates of TCP from urine via acid hydrolysis. Samples were manually extracted into toluene, derivatized, and analyzed by gas chromatography-negative-ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Determination of the metabolic TCP was performed by selected ion monitoring of the dichloropyridinol fragment ions: m/z 161 for TCP and m/z 165 for 13C2-TCP or m/z 168 for 13C2,15N-TCP. Interday precision and accuracy were demonstrated over 3 years of analyses using the 13C2-TCP internal standard, with an average recovery from fortified urine samples of 93 ± 12% (N = 54, concentration range 1–140 ng/mL). The method was found to be linear over the range of 0.5 to 200 ng/mL, and the limit of detection for TCP in urine was estimated to be 0.2 ng/mL with a limit of quantitation of 1 ng/mL. The effect of solids distribution on the concentration of TCP in the thawed urine samples was examined, and the results indicated that homogeneous distribution is critical for quantitation. The precision and accuracy of the automated method with respect to the tranfer of homgeneous urine aliquots and delivery of internal standard yielded equivalent or improved results over the manual techniques. Overall, this method is more simple than existing methodologies, and it yields results with improved precision, accuracy, and sensitivity over previously developed methods.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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