Journal Article

Amphetamine and Fenproporex Levels Following Multidose Administration of Fenproporex*

John T. Cody, Sandra Valtier and Stedra Stillman

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 23, issue 3, pages 187-194
Published in print May 1999 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online May 1999 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/23.3.187
Amphetamine and Fenproporex Levels Following Multidose Administration of Fenproporex*

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Drugs that are metabolized to amphetamine or methamphetamine are potentially of significant concern in the interpretation of positive drug-testing results for amphetamines. A number of different drugs have been reported to produce amphetamine in the urine of users. One of these compounds, fenproporex, has been shown to be metabolized to amphetamine, and previous reports indicated the parent compound could be detected at low levels for up to 48 h. Administration of fenproporex for seven days (one 10-mg dose per day) to five healthy volunteers resulted in amphetamine being detected in the urine of all subjects. Peak concentrations of amphetamine ranged from approximately 2850 to 4150 ng/mL. Amphetamine could be detected (≥ 5 ng/mL) in the urine for up to nearly 170 h after the last dose. Analysis of the metabolically produced amphetamine showed the presence of both enantiomers, which can be helpful in the differentiation of some illicit amphetamine use from the use of this precursor drug. In addition, evaluation of the enantiomeric composition of the metabolite (amphetamine) can be a valuable tool in the interpretation of time since last dose. More significantly, all samples that contained amphetamine at a concentration of ≥ 500 ng/mL were shown to also contain detectable amounts of the parent compound.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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