Journal Article

Enhanced Selectivity in the Determination of Δ<sup>9</sup>-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Two Major Metabolites in Serum Using Ion-Trap GC-MS-MS

J.-P. Weller, M. Wolf and S. Szidat

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 24, issue 5, pages 359-364
Published in print July 2000 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online July 2000 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/24.5.359
Enhanced Selectivity in the Determination of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Two Major Metabolites in Serum Using Ion-Trap GC-MS-MS

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Cannabinoids were extracted from serum with C18 SPE cartridges and analyzed as their trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives. A benchtop gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS-MS) system based on an ion trap with external ionization was used. Quantitation was done in relation to trideuterated internal standards in dual MS-MS mode. Confirmation of the identity for the three compounds of interest, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH-THC), and 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THCCOOH), was achieved by registering the daughter spectra in full scan mode. It was possible to identify the three compounds at concentrations down to 0.25 µg/L for THC, 0.5 µg/L for 11-OH-THC, and < 2.5 µg/L for THCCOOH by comparison with reference spectra. The limits of quantitation are better than 2 µg/L for THC, 5 µg/L for 11-OH-THC, and 8 µg/L for THCCOOH. The within-run and day-to-day precision for the three analytes were very similar and ranged from 4.2 to 10.4%.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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