Journal Article

Automated In-Tube Solid-Phase Microextraction Coupled with Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry for the Determination of Selected Benzodiazepines

Haodan Yuan, Zoltan Mester, Heather Lord and Janusz Pawliszyn

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 24, issue 8, pages 718-725
Published in print November 2000 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online November 2000 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/24.8.718
Automated In-Tube Solid-Phase Microextraction Coupled with Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry for the Determination of Selected Benzodiazepines

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A simple, rapid, and sensitive method, which allowed us to simultaneously determine seven benzodiazepines (diazepam, nordiazepam, temazepam, oxazepam, 7-aminoflunitrazepam, N-desmethylflunitrazepam, and clonazepam) in buffer solution and in urine and serum samples, was investigated by automated in-tube solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS). In-tube SPME, in which the analytes were extracted from the sample directly into an open tubular capillary column by repeated draw/eject cycles of sample solution, is an extraction technique for organic compounds in aqueous samples. The separation of benzodiazepines was carried out under ion-suppressed reversed-phase conditions by using methanol/50mM ammonium acetate in water (60:40) as a mobile phase with a Supelco LC-18 column. The optimal extraction condition was 10 draw/eject cycles of 30 mL of sample in 100mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.5) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min using a piece of 60-cm length Supelco-Q plot capillary column as the extraction capillary. The quantitative study was explored by operating in selected-ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The calibration curves were linear in the range from 0.5 ng/mL or 2 ng/mL to 500 ng/mL. The detection limits were from 0.02 ng/mL to 2 ng/mL. At the optimized capillary and fragmentor voltages, the characteristic ions for each compound clearly showed up in the spectra and it is possible to use the LC-MS to identify these compounds. The method was applied to the analysis of biological samples without interfering peaks. However, the recoveries for some of the compounds in serum samples need to be further improved.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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