Journal Article

Postmortem Identification and Quantitation of 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-<i>n</i>-propylthiophenethylamine Using GC-MSD and GC-NPD*

Byron Curtis, Philip Kemp, Linda Harty, Chai Choi and Dix Christensen

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 27, issue 7, pages 493-498
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI:
Postmortem Identification and Quantitation of 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylthiophenethylamine Using GC-MSD and GC-NPD*

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2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylthiophenethylamine (2C-T-7) has structural and pharmacodynamic similarities to methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). This compound was initially identified from a routine screening procedure in postmortem urine from a 20-year-old male that died in a local emergency room after reportedly insufflating 35 mg. This report describes the development of a quantitative method for 2C-T-7. A number of method parameters were studied including internal standard selection, liquid-liquid extraction scheme, and drug stability in preserved refrigerated blood. The adopted method for blood and urine involves the addition of trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA) as internal standard, alkalinization with ammonium hydroxide, and liquid-liquid extraction with n-chlorobutane. To facilitate recovery from liver, a 1:4 aqueous homogenate was pretreated with dilute perchloric acid, centrifuged, and the supernatant was extracted as previously described. In each case, 0.1% hydrochloric acid in methanol was added during the final concentration step to prevent loss of drug caused by evaporation. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection (GC-NPD) and electron ionization GC-mass spectrometry (MS) utilizing selected ion monitoring. For the GC-MS analysis, the characteristic ions monitored for 2C-T-7 were m/z 226, 255, and 183 and for TMA, m/z 182. The limits of detection and quantitation in blood were 6.0 and 15.6 ng/mL, respectively, by both GC-NPD and GC-MS. The results from the postmortem case were as follows: heart blood, 57 ng/mt; femoral blood, 100 ng/mL; urine, 1120 ng/mL; and liver, 854 ng/g.

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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