Journal Article

Quantification of Atrazine, Phenylurrea, and Sulfonylurea Herbicide Metabolites in Urine by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Johnny V. Nguyen, Anders O. Olsson, Roberto Bravo, Larry L. Needham and Dana B. Barr

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 31, issue 4, pages 181-186
Published in print May 2007 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online May 2007 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jat/31.4.181
Quantification of Atrazine, Phenylurrea, and Sulfonylurea Herbicide Metabolites in Urine by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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We developed a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-MS) method to measure metabolites of atrazine, phenylurea, and sulfonylurea herbicides in human urine. The metabolites measured in the method include atrazine mercapturate, desethyl atrazine, and desisopropyl atrazine as markers of atrazine exposure; dichlorophenyl urea, dich|orophenylmethyl urea, diuron, and linuron as markers of phenylurea herbicide exposure; and dimethoxypyrimidine, dimethylpyrimidine, and methoxymethyl triazine as markers for sulfonylurea herbicide exposure. The metabolites were extracted from urine by simple solid-phase extraction using a mixed-bed cartridge and were analyzed by HPLC-MS-MS. Quantification of the atrazine metabolites was achieved using isotope-dilution calibration. The remaining metabolites were quantified using similarly structured chemicals as internal standards. Extraction recoveries ranged from 88% to 104% (n = 5). Limits of detection for the entire method ranged from 0.125 to 1 ng/mL, and the average relative standard deviation of repeat measurements was about 13% (n = 30).

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Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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