Journal Article

Detection and Quantification of New Designer Drugs in Human Blood: Part 1 – Synthetic Cannabinoids

Julia Ammann, Jenna M. McLaren, Dimitri Gerostamoulos and Jochen Beyer

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

Volume 36, issue 6, pages 372-380
Published in print July 2012 | ISSN: 0146-4760
Published online May 2012 | e-ISSN: 1945-2403 | DOI:
Detection and Quantification of New Designer Drugs in Human Blood: Part 1 – Synthetic Cannabinoids

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Medical Toxicology
  • Toxicology (Non-medical)


Show Summary Details


Synthetic cannabinoids sprayed on herbal mixtures have been abused as a new designer drug all over the world since 2004. In 2008, the first compounds, CP 47,497 and JWH-018, were identified as active ingredients in these mixtures. Most of the compounds have been synthesized for research purposes and are potent CB1 and/or CB2 receptor agonists.

To investigate the presence of synthetic cannabinoids in blood samples, a liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS-MS) method was developed using only 100 µL of blood. After the addition of 0.2 mL of trizma buffer, the blood was extracted using liquid–liquid extraction with 1 mL of 1-chlorobutane containing 10% of isopropanol for 5 min on a shaker at 1,500 rpm. After centrifugation at 12,000 rpm for 1 min, the separated solvent layer was transferred to an autosampler vial and evaporated to dryness under N2. The residue was reconstituted in methanol and injected into a Shimadzu 8030 LC–MS-MS system to separate and detect 25 synthetic cannabinoids.

The method has been validated according to international guidelines and was found to be selective for all tested compounds. Calibration was satisfactory from 0.5–100 ng/mL, and from 5.0–500 ng/mL. for HU-210, CP 47,497 and the CP 47,497 C-8 homolog, respectively. The extraction efficiencies ranged from 30–101% and the matrix effects from 67–112%. Accuracy data were within the acceptance interval of ±15% (±20% at the lower limit of quantification) of the nominal values for all drugs.

Journal Article.  5405 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.