Journal Article

The control of ascorbic acid synthesis and turnover in pea seedlings

Jane E. Pallanca and Nicholas Smirnoff

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 345, pages 669-674
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI:
The control of ascorbic acid synthesis and turnover in pea seedlings

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The rate of ascorbate synthesis and turnover in pea seedling embryonic axes was investigated in relation to its pool size. Ascorbate accumulated in embryonic axes of germinating pea seeds which has been supplied with ascorbate. Incorporation of [U‐14C]glucose into ascorbate after a 2 h labelling period was reduced by ascorbate loading for 3 h and 20 h, providing evidence that ascorbate biosynthesis is inhibited by endogenous ascorbate. Ascorbate turnover was estimated by following the metabolism of [1‐14C]ascorbate over 2 h after ascorbate loading and by the rate of decrease of the ascorbate pool size after ascorbate loading. Ascorbate turnover rate, determined by [1‐14C]‐ ascorbate metabolism, increased as a linear function of pool size. The absolute turnover rate was higher in ascorbate‐loaded embryonic axes but was always about 13% of the pool per hour. The initial rate of ascorbate turnover, estimated from the net decrease in pool size after ascorbate loading, also showed a similar turnover rate to that estimated from [1‐14C]‐ ascorbate metabolism. Ascorbate loading had no effect on ascorbate peroxidase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase or glutathione reductase activity. Ascorbate oxidase activity decreased after ascorbate loading.

Keywords: Antioxidants; ascorbate; biosynthesis; metabolism; vitamin C.

Journal Article.  4061 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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