Journal Article

Mapping meristem respiration of <i>Prunus persica</i> (L.) Batsch seedlings: potential respiration of the meristems, O<sub>2</sub> diffusional constraints and combined effects on root growth

L.P.R. Bidel, P. Renault, L. Pagès and L.M. Rivière

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 345, pages 755-768
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.345.755
Mapping meristem respiration of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch seedlings: potential respiration of the meristems, O2 diffusional constraints and combined effects on root growth

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Root system architecture partially results from meristem activities, which themselves depend on endogenous and environmental factors, such as O2 depletion. In this study, meristem respiration and growth was measured in the root systems of three Prunus persica (L.) Batsch seedlings. The spatial distribution of meristem respiration within the root system was described, and the relationship between the respiration rates and meristem radii was analysed, using a model of radial O2 diffusion and consumption within the root. Histological observations were also used to help interpret the results. Respiration rates were linearly correlated to the root growth rates (ρ2=0.9). Respiration reached values greater than 3.5×10−13 mol O2s−1 for active meristems. The taproot meristem consumed more O2 than the rest of the entire root system meristems. Similarly, the first order lateral meristems used more O2 than the second order ones. A near hyperbolic relationship between respiration rates and meristem radii was observed. This can be explained by a model of radial O2 diffusion and consumption within the root. Therefore, only one maximum potential respiration rate and one O2 diffusion coefficient was estimated for all the meristems.

Keywords: O2‐microelectrode; meristem respiration; spatial distribution; root system architecture; Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.

Journal Article.  8968 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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