Journal Article

Evidence of two enzymes performing the de‐N‐glycosylation of proteins in barley: expression during germination, localization within the grain and set‐up during grain formation

C. Vuylsteker, G. Cuvellier, S. Berger, C. Faugeron and Y. Karamanos

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 346, pages 839-845
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.346.839
Evidence of two enzymes performing the de‐N‐glycosylation of proteins in barley: expression during germination, localization within the grain and set‐up during grain formation

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The occurrence of two enzymes performing de‐N‐glycosylation of glycoproteins, namely, endo‐N‐acetyl‐β‐ d‐glucosaminidase (ENGase, EC 3.2.1.96) and peptide‐N4‐(N‐acetyl‐β‐d‐glucosaminyl) asparagine amidase (PNGase, EC 3.5.1.52) was investigated in barley, cv. Plaisant (a winter six rowed variety). The dry grain showed both activities according to the HPLC detection of the hydrolysis of fluorescent resorufin‐labelled substrates. However, PNGase activity was 16‐fold higher than ENGase activity. During germination, both activities increased, PNGase by only 1.5‐fold compared to nearly 4.8‐fold for ENGase over the 4 d following imbibition. The localization of these activities within the grain showed that the major contribution of PNGase was due to the endosperm, typically representing over 90% of the whole grain activity. In contrast, ENGase activity was especially high in the embryo and, later, in the developing plantlet (10‐fold higher than in the endosperm), particularly in the rootlets and scutellum. In developing spikes, PNGase activity was 5.6‐fold higher than in the leaves, but similar ENGase activity was measured in both organs. During grain formation, PNGase activity followed dry matter increase together with endosperm development. In contrast, ENGase activity dropped by 66% at the beginning of grain filling before stabilizing until harvest. The occurrence of de‐N‐glycosylation‐performing enzymes throughout the development of barley raises the question of the nature of their natural substrates. Moreover, the prevalence of one of these enzymes over the other depending on the organ and the developmental stage, could represent the first evidence of specific functions for each enzyme.

Keywords: Glucoamidase; barley; de‐N‐glycosylation; ENGase; germination; PNGase.; DM, dry matter content; ENGase, endo‐N‐acetyl‐β‐d‐glucosaminidase; PNGase, peptide‐N4‐(N‐acetyl‐β‐d‐glucosaminyl) asparagine amidase; GlcNAc, N‐acetylglucosamine.

Journal Article.  4195 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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