Journal Article

Seed coat cell turgor in chickpea is independent of changes in plant and pod water potential

Kenneth A. Shackel and Neil C. Turner

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 346, pages 895-900
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.346.895
Seed coat cell turgor in chickpea is independent of changes in plant and pod water potential

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Turgor pressure in cells of the pod wall and the seed coat of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) were measured directly with a pressure probe on intact plants under initially dry soil conditions, and after the plants were irrigated. The turgor pressure in cells of the pod wall was initially 0.25 MPa, and began to increase within a few minutes of irrigation. By 2–4 h after irrigation, pod wall cell turgor had increased to 0.97 MPa. This increase in turgor was matched closely by increases in the total water potential of both the pod and the stem, as measured by a pressure chamber. However, turgor pressure in cells of the seed coat was relatively low (0.10 MPa) and was essentially unchanged up to 24 h after irrigation (0.13 MPa). These data demonstrate that water exchange is relatively efficient throughout most of the plant body, but not between the pod and the seed. Since both the pod and the seed coat are vascularized tissues of maternal origin, this indicates that at least for chickpea, isolation of the water relations of the embryo from the maternal plant does not depend on the absence of vascular or symplastic connections between the embryo and the maternal plant.

Keywords: Turgor pressure; pod wall; water stress; irrigation.

Journal Article.  4102 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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