Journal Article

Two cDNAs representing alleles of the nitrate reductase gene of potato (<i>Solanum tuberosum</i> L. cv. Desirée): sequence analysis, genomic organization and expression

Neil Harris, Jonathan M. Foster, Amar Kumar, Howard V. Davies, Christiane Gebhardt and John L. Wray

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 347, pages 1017-1026
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.347.1017
Two cDNAs representing alleles of the nitrate reductase gene of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desirée): sequence analysis, genomic organization and expression

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Two, different, full‐length cDNAs, StNR2 and StNR3, of 3049 and 3066 nucleotides, respectively, were isolated from a Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desirée leaf cDNA library by an RT‐PCR approach. Conceptual translation of the longest open reading frame of each cDNA showed that they could encode a protein of 911 amino acids in each case with an Mr of 102.6 and 102.5 kDa, respectively, and with 99.7% identity with each other. The cDNAs have a high degree of sequence similarity with all higher plant nitrate reductases (NRs) and possess structural characteristics expected of NADH‐NR proteins, consistent with enzyme activity data. Southern analysis of genomic DNA suggested the presence of a single NR gene in the potato genome whilst studies using the mapping population F1840, and the full‐length StNR2 cDNA as hybridization probe, identified a single NR locus within the potato genome that is located on chromosome XI. The two cDNAs identified here are probably derived from two transcribing alleles of this single gene. Distribution of total NR transcript and of NADH‐NR activity, in different organs of compost‐grown plants, depended on the level of nitrate supplied: at low nitrate level transcript and activity were detected only in leaf and stem tissue whilst at high nitrate level they could also be detected in root and stolon. An RT‐PCR approach was used to differentiate between the transcripts derived from the two identified alleles and to show that the pattern of transcription of the two identified alleles of the potato nia gene, in the organs studied, is the same.

Keywords: Gene expression; genomic organization; nitrate reductase; potato; Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desirée.; NR, nitrate reductase.

Journal Article.  6364 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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