Journal Article

Photosynthetic carbohydrate metabolism in wheat (<i>Triticum aestivum</i> L.) leaves: optimization of methods for determination of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate

Stephen J. Trevanion

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 347, pages 1037-1045
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.347.1037
Photosynthetic carbohydrate metabolism in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaves: optimization of methods for determination of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate

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The accurate measurement of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate from plants such as wheat is fraught with difficulty. Extraction and assay methods for fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate that give near 100% recovery of the metabolite, and a linear response with volume have therefore been developed for extracts prepared from wheat leaves of different ages. Amounts of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate in different regions of leaves generally showed a positive correlation with chlorophyll content. Measurements of sucrose and starch in third leaves harvested at different times of the diurnal cycle demonstrated that sucrose is the major form in which photosynthate is stored in the leaf, but starch can account for up to about 30% of the stored carbohydrate. Virtually all of the carbohydrate accumulated as starch and sucrose during the day was degraded at night. Amounts of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate were generally lower in extracts prepared from leaves harvested in the light than in the dark. Additionally, there was no change in either the amount of fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate or the ratio of sucrose to starch in samples prepared from leaves harvested at different times of the day. These results are broadly consistent with a role for fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate in the regulation of sucrose synthesis and the partitioning of carbohydrate between sucrose and starch in wheat leaves.

Keywords: Fructose 2,6‐bisphosphate; photosynthesis; starch; sucrose; wheat.

Journal Article.  6166 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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