Journal Article

Protein modification by Amadori and Maillard reactions during seed storage: roles of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation

U.M. Narayana Murthy and Wendell Q. Sun

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume 51, issue 348, pages 1221-1228
Published in print July 2000 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online July 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.348.1221
Protein modification by Amadori and Maillard reactions during seed storage: roles of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation

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The non‐enzymatic modifications of proteins through Amadori and Maillard reactions play an important role in the loss of seed viability during storage. In the present study, the contribution of sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation to Amadori and Maillard reactions, and to seed deterioration was investigated in mungbean (Vigna radiata Wilczek). The contents of glucose and lipid peroxidation products in seed axes increased significantly during storage. The accumulation of Amadori products in seed axes was correlated to the lipid peroxidation, whereas the accumulation of Maillard products was closely correlated to sugar hydrolysis. The rate of accumulation of Maillard products was not well correlated to the content of Amadori products in both seed axes and protein/glucose model system, reflecting the complex nature of Amadori and Maillard reactions. The content of Amadori products in seed axes increased during the early stages of seed ageing, whereas the content of Maillard products increased steadily during the entire period of storage. The accumulation of Maillard products in seed axes was associated with the decline of seed vigour. These data suggest that, during seed ageing, sugar hydrolysis and lipid peroxidation are coupled with non‐enzymatic protein modification through Amadori and Maillard reactions.

Keywords: Amadori reactions; lipid peroxidation; Maillard reactions; seed ageing; seed deterioration; seed longevity; sugar hydrolysis; Vigna radiata.

Journal Article.  4339 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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