Journal Article

Does nitrogen supply affect the response of wheat (<i>Triticum aestivum</i> cv. Hanno) to the combination of elevated CO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub>?

João Cardoso‐Vilhena and Jeremy Barnes

in Journal of Experimental Botany

Published on behalf of Society for Experimental Biology

Volume 52, issue 362, pages 1901-1911
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 0022-0957
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2431 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/52.362.1901
Does nitrogen supply affect the response of wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Hanno) to the combination of elevated CO2 and O3?

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Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Hanno) was grown at ambient (350 μmol mol−1) or elevated CO2 (700 μmol mol−1) in charcoal/Purafil®‐filtered air (CFA <5 nmol mol−1) or ozone (CFA +75 nmol mol−1 7 h d−1) at three levels of N supply (1.5, 4 and 14 mM NO3), to test the hypothesis that the combined impacts of elevated CO2 and O3 on plant growth and photosynthetic capacity are affected by nitrogen availability. Shifts in foliar N content reflected the level of N supplied, and the growth stimulation induced by elevated CO2 was dependent on the level of N supply. At 60 d after transfer (DAT), elevated CO2 was found to increase total biomass by 44%, 29%, 12% in plants supplied with 14, 4 and 1.5 mM NO3, respectively, and there was no evidence of photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 across N treatments; the maximum in vivo rate of Rubisco carboxylation (Vcmax) was similar in plants raised at elevated and ambient CO2. At 60 DAT, ozone exposure was found to suppress plant relative growth rate (RGR) and net photosynthesis (A) in plants supplied with 14 and 4 mM NO3. However, O3 had no effect on the RGR of plants supplied with 1.5 mM NO3 and this effect was accompanied by a reduced impact of the pollutant on A. Elevated CO2 counteracted the detrimental effects of O3 (i.e. the same ozone concentration that depressed RGR and A at ambient CO2 resulted in no significant effects when plants were raised at elevated CO2) at all levels of N supply and the effect was associated with a decline in O3 uptake at the leaf level.

Keywords: Elevated CO2; tropospheric ozone; N; net photosynthesis; growth.; τ, Rubisco specificity factor; A, rate of CO2 assimilation; A350, light‐saturated rate of CO2 assimilation rate at an ambient CO2 concentration of 350 μmol mol−1; Amax, light‐ and CO2‐saturated rate of CO2 assimilation; CFA, charcoal/Purafil®‐filtered air; DALE, days after leaf emergence; DAT, days after transfer; gH2O, stomatal conductance to water vapour; K, root/shoot allometric coefficient; Kc and Ko, Michaelis constants for Rubisco carboxylation and oxygenation, respectively; PPFD, photosynthetically active photon flux density; RGR, plant relative growth rate; RGRR, RGR of root; RGRS, RGR of shoot; Rubisco, ribulose‐1,5‐bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase; Vcmax; maximum in vivo rate of Rubisco carboxylation

Journal Article.  7216 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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