Journal Article

Clamping Down on Terrorism in the United Kingdom

Clive Walker

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

Volume 4, issue 5, pages 1137-1151
Published in print November 2006 | ISSN: 1478-1387
Published online November 2006 | e-ISSN: 1478-1395 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mql056
Clamping Down on Terrorism in the United Kingdom

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There is a long history of laws responding to terrorism that have been utilized in the United Kingdom. This article outlines the important strands of development, including in the former colonies of the British Empire, in Ireland, and in mainland Britain itself. It offers an overview of contemporary legislation — the Terrorism Act 2000, the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 and the Terrorism Act 2006. These comprise a formidably detailed and complex code of measures, principally concentrating upon special police powers, offences and criminal processes, the proscription of organizations and the restriction of financial flows to the terrorists. The article then considers thematically some of the main controversies surrounding the laws. The discussion is organized around the following binaries: a rational code not panic legislation; a criminal justice model not a war model; the language of rights not the language of balance; international cooperation not unilateralism; appropriate structures not empty acronyms. The conclusions warn against undue optimism about the impact of the special laws and undue reliance upon the laws to an extent which damages the very values that the laws seek to protect.

Journal Article.  6590 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law ; International Law

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