Journal Article

Canada’s Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Act on Trial

Fannie Lafontaine

in Journal of International Criminal Justice

Volume 8, issue 1, pages 269-288
Published in print March 2010 | ISSN: 1478-1387
Published online February 2010 | e-ISSN: 1478-1395 | DOI:
Canada’s Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Act on Trial

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Canada was the first state to adopt implementing legislation following its ratification of the ICC Statute. Adopted in 2000, the Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Act was tested for the first time in the Munyaneza case. In May 2009, Mr Munyaneza was convicted on all counts of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes and, in October, was sentenced to life imprisonment. The first case under the Act provides an opportunity to reflect on certain issues that will have an impact on Canada’s ability to effectively contribute to the enterprise of international criminal justice. This article focuses on two such issues that were relevant to the Munyaneza case, namely the definitions of offences, which rely heavily on customary international law and on the ICC Statute, and the sentencing scheme provided by the Act.

Journal Article.  9795 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law ; International Law

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