Journal Article

Octopaminergic agonists for the cockroach neuronal octopamine receptor

Akinori Hirashima, Masako Morimoto, Eiichi Kuwano and Morifusa Eto

in Journal of Insect Science

Volume 3, issue 1
Published online April 2003 | e-ISSN: 1536-2442 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jis/3.1.10

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The compounds 1-(2,6-diethylphenyl)imidazolidine-2-thione and 2-(2,6-diethylphenyl)imidazolidine showed the almost same activity as octopamine in stimulating adenylate cyclase of cockroach thoracic nervous system among 70 octopamine agonists, suggesting that only these compounds are full octopamine agonists and other compounds are partial octopamine agonists. The quantitative structure-activity relationship of a set of 22 octopamine agonists against receptor 2 in cockroach nervous tissue, was analyzed using receptor surface modeling. Three-dimensional energetics descriptors were calculated from receptor surface model/ligand interaction and these three-dimensional descriptors were used in quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis. A receptor surface model was generated using some subset of the most active structures and the results provided useful information in the characterization and differentiation of octopaminergic receptor.

Keywords: Periplaneta americana; receptor surface model; cerius2; octopamine agonist

Journal Article.  5348 words.  Illustrated.

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