Journal Article

Oxidative Enzyme Changes in Sorghum Infested by Shoot Fly

P. G. Padmaja, B. L. Shwetha, G. Swetha and J. V. Patil

in Journal of Insect Science

Volume 14, issue 1
Published online November 2014 | e-ISSN: 1536-2442 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieu055

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This research investigated the role of oxidative enzymes in the defense response of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (Poales: Poaceae), to the sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata Rondani (Diptera: Muscidae). Changes in polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activity and total protein content were observed in resistant and susceptible sorghum genotypes in response to A. soccata feeding. Resistant plants exhibited higher levels of peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activities and total protein content compared with susceptible plants. Peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activities and total protein content in the infested resistant and susceptible genotypes were higher when compared with their control plants, respectively. These findings suggest that resistant genotypes may be able to tolerate shoot fly feeding by increasing their peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase activities. Among the enzymes examined, differences in isozyme profiles for peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase were detected between control and infested IS 18551, M35-1, 296B, SSV 84, and DJ 6514 plants. Differences in protein profiles were observed between A. soccata infested and their respective uninfested controls of all the genotypes. In conclusion, this study revealed that these defense enzymes and proteins might attribute to the resistance mechanisms in sorghum plants against A. soccata infestation.

Keywords: sorghum; shoot fly; oxidative enzyme; protein; host plant resistance

Journal Article.  4167 words.  Illustrated.

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