Journal Article

Ectoparasites (Acari, Mallophaga, Anoplura, Diptera) of White-Tailed Deer, <i>Odocoileus virginianus</i> from Southern Florida

Donald J. Forrester, Grace S. Mclaughlin, Sam R. Telford, Garry W. Foster and James W. Mccown

in Journal of Medical Entomology

Volume 33, issue 1, pages 96-101
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0022-2585
Published online September 2014 | e-ISSN: 1938-2928 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/33.1.96
Ectoparasites (Acari, Mallophaga, Anoplura, Diptera) of White-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus from Southern Florida

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During a 7-yr period (1984–1990), 300 white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann), from 7 localities in Collier, Dade, and Monroe counties in southern Florida were examined for ectoparasites. Eight species were identified: 4 ticks [Ixodes scapularis Say, I. affinis Neumann, Amblyomma maculatum (Koch), and Dermacentor variabilis (Say)], 1 chigger mite [Eutrombicula splendens (Ewing)], 1 ked (Lipoptena mazamae Rondani), 1 chewing louse [Tricholipeurus lipeuroides (Megnin)], and 1 sucking louse [Solenopotes hinipilosus (Fahrenholz)]. The most widely distributed and prevalent species were the deer ked L. mazamae and the blacklegged tick I. scapularis, both of which occurred in all 7 localities, in all years, and in all age classes of deer. Their overall prevalences were 82 and 22%, respectively. The prevalence of L. mazamae varied significantly by month. L. mazamae should be considered a core ectoparasite species of white-tailed deer in southern Florida because of its specificity, distribution, and high prevalence.

Keywords: ectoparasites; white-tailed deer; Florida

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