Journal Article

Importance of Socioeconomic Status and Tree Holes in Distribution of <i>Aedes</i> Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

in Journal of Medical Entomology

Published on behalf of Entomological Society of America

Volume 43, issue 2, pages 330-336
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 0022-2585
Published online October 2014 | e-ISSN: 1938-2928 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/43.2.330
Importance of Socioeconomic Status and Tree Holes in Distribution of Aedes Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

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Immature Aedes mosquitoes were found in domestic, peridomestic, and tree hole habitats within three socioeconomic strata of Jodhpur, a city within an arid area of Rajasthan, India, endemic for dengue. Peridomestic habitats served as a persistent source of Aedes vectors, especially those used for watering cows for religious reasons that were located within high socioeconomic areas. Domestic (indoor) containers within low socioeconomic strata showed a higher container index (27.0%) than periurban areas with cattle sheds (14.3%) or high socioeconomic areas (18.1%). Mosquitoes were collected in tree holes at zoos and gardens supporting several species of monkeys. Six of 67 Aedes albopictus Skuse reared from immatures collected in tree holes tested positive for dengue antigen acquired through vertical transmission, possibly indicating a persistence mechanism for dengue virus within an urban environment.

Keywords: Socioeconomic status; tree holes; Aedes breeding; surveillance; dengue

Journal Article.  3164 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology ; Entomology

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