Journal Article

Relating Improvisational Music Therapy with Severely and Multiply Disabled Children to Communication Development

Mary M. Rainey Perry

in Journal of Music Therapy

Published on behalf of American Music Therapy Association

Volume 40, issue 3, pages 227-246
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 0022-2917
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 2053-7395 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmt/40.3.227
Relating Improvisational Music Therapy with Severely and Multiply Disabled Children to Communication Development

Show Summary Details

Preview

The effect of different levels of preintentional and intentional communication development on musical interaction with children with severe and multiple disabilities has not been explored in the music therapy literature. Aside from stage of communication development, what are the particular influences of disability on musical interaction with children who have preintentional and early intentional communication? A qualitative research project explored these issues. Ten school-aged children with severe and multiple disabilities participated in the project. The most common medical diagnosis was cerebral palsy. Analysis of video recordings and other data confirmed that the children's level of communication development was reflected in individual music therapy. Specifically, children at different levels of communication development varied in their abilities to initiate, anticipate, and sustain participation in turn taking, and to maintain attention to and engagement in the interaction. Both turn taking and playing and singing together were found to be important forms of communication during music therapy. Communication problems related to disability included: difficulties in using objects as a focus of joint attention, difficulties in interpreting the interactive environment, being sufficiently motivated to communicate, severely limited means of interaction, attaining and maintaining an appropriate level of arousal, and lack of interest in interaction and the outside environment. Further study of how music therapy can be related to general issues in communication for individuals with severe and multiple disabilities is recommended.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.