Journal Article

Fragments of an Anonymous ‘Old Dispensatory’ in ar-Rāzī's <i>Kitāb al-&1E22;āwī</i>*

Oliver Kahl

in Journal of Semitic Studies

Published on behalf of University of Manchester

Volume 49, issue 2, pages 289-301
Published in print January 2004 | ISSN: 0022-4480
Published online January 2004 | e-ISSN: 1477-8556 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jss/49.2.289
Fragments of an Anonymous ‘Old Dispensatory’ in ar-Rāzī's Kitāb al-&1E22;āwī*

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The present article is a contribution to the history of Arabic pharmacology. It deals with an anonymous ‘Old Dispensatory’ of which fifteen fragments are preserved in the Kitāb al-&1E22;āwī, the well-known medical encyclopedia based on the excerpts and clinical notes of the Muslim sage Mu&1E22;ammad ibn Zakarīyā' ar-Rāzī (d. 313/925 or 323/935). In the course of a short survey this old, and otherwise lost dispensatory is dated on the basis of the extant fragments to the middle of the 3rd/9th century, rating it among the earliest specimens of Arabic pharmacology currently known. The fragments are given in the original Arabic together with an English translation. An English-Arabic glossary of materia medica and an index of botanical names conclude the article.

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Subjects: Middle Eastern History ; Middle Eastern Languages ; Literary Studies - World ; Biblical Studies

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